Air assistance

Aid for the return and reception of migrants in Haiti | Air and Sea | May 2022 – Haiti

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OVERVIEW

In May 2022, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Haiti provided reception and post-arrival assistance to 5,393 migrant adults and children repatriated to Haiti by air and sea in Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haitien. . This is in addition to almost 20,000 migrants returned and assisted in 2021. As in 2021 and the previous April 2022, the vast majority of migrants returned in May 2022 were returned by air from the United States, while smaller proportions were returned by other countries. and territories of the region. A small number of migrants have been returned after being intercepted at sea by the US Coast Guard.

Most returnees assisted by IOM previously resided in Chile or Brazil – where several returnee children were born – and were returned by the United States after traveling north. Smaller proportions of returnees have migrated more recently, particularly through the Caribbean sea routes. Those who left Haiti more recently report leaving due to a combination of factors, including lack of income and employment opportunities, insufficient access to basic services, the impact of natural disasters (including the earthquake of land of August 14, 2021, which strongly affected the southern departments of Haiti), violence and insecurity, political instability and more.