In June 2022, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Haiti provided reception and post-arrival assistance to 1,896 migrant adults and children repatriated to Haiti by air and sea in Port-au-Prince and Cap -Haitian. This is in addition to nearly 20,000 returned migrants assisted in 2021. Compared to 2021 and the previous May 2022, when the vast majority of migrants were returned from the United States, in June 2022 a similar number migrants were returned on flights from the United States, Cuba and the Turks and Caicos Islands. A small number of migrants have also been returned after being intercepted at sea by the US Coast Guard. The total number of repatriated migrants so far in 2022 (19,099) has almost reached the total number of repatriated migrants in 2021 (19,629).
Most returnees assisted by IOM previously resided in Chile or Brazil – where several returnee children were born – and were returned by the United States after traveling north. Smaller proportions of returnees have migrated more recently, particularly through the Caribbean sea routes. Those who left Haiti more recently report leaving due to a combination of factors, including lack of income and employment opportunities, insufficient access to basic services, the impact of natural disasters (including the earthquake of land of August 14, 2021, which strongly affected the southern departments of Haiti), violence and insecurity, political instability and more.